Alternative Feeds - Straights

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Hipro, Brazilian, Argentinian Soya

straights

Description

Soya Beans are grown worldwide, oil being removed by crushing (expeller process) and the remaining oil is removed by extraction. Soya bean contains anti nutritional factors like Trypsin inhibitors which are destroyed in the toasting process. Soya bean ext is the most widely used high quality vegetable protein source in animal feeds for all classes of livestock.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-4kg / head / day

Beef - 2-4kg / head / day

Sheep - Up to 30% Inclusion

Pigs - Up to 30% inclusion

Good levels of degraded protein makes it a useful addition in diets containing low protein grass and maize.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Soya Bean meal should as with other dry straights, be stored in cool, dry conditions. Soya Bean is available as a gritty meal or with some pellets and nuts available. It can be bulk blown and tipped. Soya is imported into most UK ports but it should be noted that most Soya will be produced from Genetically Modified material.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Hipro

DryMatter 90% , ME 13.5 MJ/kg , Protein 55% , NDF 11% , Starch 5% , Sugars 11% , Oils 2.5%

Brazilian

Dry Matter 90% , ME 13 MJ/kg , Protein 52% , NDF 17% , Starch 5% , Sugars 10% , Oils 2%

Agentinian

Dry Matter 90% , ME 13 MJ/kg , Protein 48% , NDF 17% , Starch 4.5% , Sugars 10% , Oils 2%

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Soyaplus

straights

Description

Soyaplus is an extracted soyabean meal which has undergone a unique treatment process to protect and enhance its nutritive value. Soya Bean meal is well recognized as a high quality protein source for ruminants and typically contains around 35% bypass protein. The unique treatment used in the production of Soyaplus produces a product with a 76% increase in DUP content, improving the metabolisable protein supply to high yielding cows and allowing them to express their full milk yield potential. Soyaplus supplements the protein and DUP content of low protein feeds such as maize silage and cereals, thereby maximising milk production. At a time when lowering dietary crude protein concentration is deemed beneficial, the supply of quality protein becomes even more important.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-4kg / head / day

Beef - 2-4kg / head / day

Sheep - Up to 30% Inclusion

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 86% , ME 13.2 MJ/kg , Protein 54% , NDF 10% , Starch 7% , Sugars 9% , Oils 2.5%

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Rapeseed Meal

straights

Description

A by-product from crushing, expelling and extracting oil from Oilseed rape and is normally available in meal form, available all the year round.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-4kg / head / day have been used successfully in high yielding diets.

Beef - up to 25 to 30% of the concentrate fraction of the ration.

Sheep - The meal content and palatability generally restricts usage in ewe diets to a maximum of 10%.

Pigs - can be included in sow and finishing diets to a maximum of 5%.

New varieties of rape have resulted in Rapemeal ext becoming a popular feed to supply ruminant animals, and to a lesser extent, pigs, as a cost effective source of protein. Good levels of rumen degraded protein makes it a useful addition to diets containing low protein grass and maize silage.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Rapemeal ext should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. Because of its tendency to draw moisture it should not be stored for more than 2 months.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 88% , ME 12.1 MJ/kg , Protein 38% , NDF 50% , Starch 5% , Sugars 10% , Oils 3.5%

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Rapeplus

straights

Description

Rapeplus is an extracted rapeseed meal which has undergone a unique treatment process to protect and enhance its nutritive value. It is well recognized that high yielding cows have a requirement for high quality by pass protein (DUP), and that this requirement increases as milk yield increases. The unique treatment used in the production of Rapeplus protects the protein from rumen degradation and results in a product with an 80% increase in DUP content. Rapeplus supplements the protein and DUP content of low protein feeds such as maize silage, low protein grass silage and cereals, thereby maximising milk production and quality.

Rapeplus can be fed up to 4 / 5 kg per cow per day and effectively replace rape / soya mixes or soya, reducing feed costs and simplifying feeding and storage requirements.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-4kg / head / day have been used successfully in high yielding diets

Beef - up to 25 to 30% of the concentrate fraction of the ration

Sheep - the meal content and palatability generally restricts usage in ewe diets to a maximum of 10%

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 12 MJ/kg , Protein 37% , NDF 67% , Starch 5% , Sugars 9% , Oils 3.5%

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Wheat Distillers Pellets

Description

A by-product of the bioethanol industry, processing wheat to produce ethanol . The grain, is steeped and cooked to convert its starch into sugars which are then fermented with yeast to produce the alcohol, which is then processed to produce ethanol. The residual grain is then mixed with wheat syrups before drying into pellets.

Feeding

Dairy - 1-4kg / head / day

Beef - up to 25%of the dry matter intake of beef animals

Sheep - Up to 10% of the dry matter intake

Youngstock - can be fed at up to 25% inclusion in growing diets

Key Features

Storage

Wheat Distillers should be stored in cool dry conditions: storage is not recommended to be longer than 3 months due to the relatively high oil content.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 89% , ME 14 MJ/kg , Protein 32-34% , NDF 33% , Starch 3% , Sugars 3% , Oils 8%

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Barley Distillers Grains Pellets

straights

Description

A by-product of the barley grain used to produce malt whisky. The grain is malted to convert starch to sugars, which are then fermented with yeast to produce the alcohol. The residual grains are removed and the alcohol is distilled from the liquid, leaving Pot Ale. The grains are then mixed with the Pot Ale, dried and pelleted.

Feeding

Dairy - Normal levels of 1 to 4 kg / head / day, balancing low protein feeds.

Beef - can be fed up to 25% of the dry matter intake alongside feeds such as sugarbeet and cereals.

Sheep - Should not be fed to sheep due to the high copper content A palatable alternative to expensive concentrates supplying good levels of protein and energy, to balance low energy and protein forages.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Barley Distillers should be stored in cool dry conditions. Due to the high oil content the product should not be stored for long periods and should be used within 2 months. Care should be taken when handling to minimise damage to pellets. Produced at distilleries throughout Scotland and available all year round, although some plant shutdowns may limit availability.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 12.7 MJ/kg , Protein 25% , NDF 50% , Starch 2.5% , Sugars 4% , Oils 8%

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HP Maize Distillers Grains

straights

Description

A by-product from the processing of Maize in the production of grain whisky. The grain is processed to release starch, which is cooked to convert it into sugars and then fermented with yeast to produce alcohol. The grain is then dried to produce Maize Distillers Grains.

Feeding

Dairy - 1-4kg / head / day, although maize distillers grains can be fed to 6kg / head / day if the other feeds are low in oil

Beef - up to 25%of the dry matter intake of beef animals

Sheep - Can be fed although care needs to be taken that the copper levels are low.

Young stock - can be fed at up to 25% inclusion in growing diets

Key Features

Storage & Availability

As with all other dried feeds Maize Distillers should be stored in cool, dry conditions. The product is relatively high in oil, therefore storage is not generally recommended for longer than 2 months.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 14.7 MJ/kg , Protein 28% , NDF 32% , Starch 2% , Sugars 1% , Oils 10%

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US Maize Distillers Grains

straights

Description

A by-product from the processing of Maize grain to produce industrial alcohol, normally in the form of ethanol which is used as a fossil fuel replacer. The grain is processed to release starch, which is cooked to convert it into sugars and then fermented with yeast to produce alcohol. The grain is then dried to produce Maize Distillers Grains.

Feeding

Dairy - 1-4kg / head / day, although maize distillers grains can be fed to 6kg / head / day if the other feeds are low in oil

Beef - up to 25%of the dry matter intake of beef animals

Sheep - Can be fed at low levels although care needs to be taken to ensure that a low copper product is used

Young stock - can be fed at up to 25% inclusion in growing diets

Key Features

Storage & Availability

As with all other dried feeds Maize Distillers should be stored in cool, dry conditions. The product is relatively high in oil, therefore storage is not generally recommended for longer than 2 months.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 14 MJ/kg , Protein 28% , NDF 44% , Starch 4% , Sugars 5% , Oils 10%

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Sunflower Pellets

straights

Description

A by-product from the crushing, expelling and extracting of oil from Sunflower Plant. The seed is "Decorticated" to remove the outer shell; this fibrous material is added back to the meal after extraction. The resulting mixture is normally pelleted but will contain meal.

Feeding

Dairy - 1-4kg / head / day

Beef - Can be used as the only protein source, at levels up to 25-30% of the concentrate fraction of the ration Sheep - The meal content generally restricts usage in ewe diets to a maximum of 10%.

Pigs - can be included in sow and finishing diets to a maximum of 5%.

Has long been a protein source in adult ruminant diets. Low energy levels limits use in high performance diets. It offers a good alternative to balance low protein feeds ie: maize silage and whole crop, sugar beet and cereals.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Sunflower Pellets should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. Pellet quality will be variable and meal must be expected. Generally imported to all UK ports and so is available all year round.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 9.5 MJ/kg , Protein 33% , NDF 44% , Starch 3% , Sugars 4% , Oils 2.5%

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Cottonseed Expellers

straights

Description

Cotton is grown for its fibres, which are used in the textile industry, but the seed remaining after fibre removal is high in oil and protein and has long been well established as an animal feed. The seed is usually "decorticated" to remove the fibrous hull and then heated and crushed to expel the oil. The expeller is solvent extracted to remove more oil and leave Cottonseed extractions

Feeding

Dairy - Levels up to 3 kg / head / day can be used, although consideration needs to be given to the overall protein balance and the costive effects at high feed levels

Beef - Can be used up to 20% of the dry matter intake

Sheep - can be used up to 20% of the dry matter intake

Cotton Expellers can be included in all diets whether in a concentrate mix, in the feeds wagon or as a straight.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Cottonseed Expeller should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. Due to the high oil content storage of Cottonseed on farm is not recommended for more than 3 months. Irregularly imported into various UK ports. Ensure a long term contract is available before introducing into a diet.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 92% , ME 12 MJ/kg , Protein 36% , NDF 42% , Starch 2% , Sugars 7% , Oils 5.5%

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Linseed Expeller

straights

Description

Linseed or flax is a common crop grown for its oil, the seed being crushed to release the oil via expelling or extraction, and the resulting meal is then available as animal feed.

Feeding

Dairy - up to 3 kg / head / day but consideration needs to be taken to the overall protein

Beef - up to 20% of the dry matter intake. Has been known to put a gloss on the animals' coats

Sheep - can be used at levels of up to 20% of the concentrate input.

Calves - commonly used as part of a coarse calf mix at up to 10% of the mix Linseed can be included in all ruminant diets whether in a concentrate, in a complete diet mix or as a straight

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Linseed Expellers should, as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. Because of its high oil content storage of linseed on farm should be limited to no more than 3 months. Now mainly Imported , supply can be variable.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 13 MJ/kg , Protein 36% , NDF 19% , Starch 5% , Sugars 4% , Oils 8%

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Prairie Meal

straights

Description

Dried by-product of the manufacture of maize starch. It consists principally of gluten obtained during the separation of the starch. After the maize germ and fibre are removed in the wet milling process, the remaining material is centrifuged to isolate the starch from the gluten for further processing to modified starches, sweeteners, etc. The remaining gluten is dried and then milled/sieved to produce a consistent coarse powder high in proteins and methionine.

Feeding

Dairy - Up to 1 kg / head / day

Beef - up to 10% of the concentrate part of the day

Pigs - Up to 5% of the diet

Layers - Up to 7.5% of the diet

Key Features

Storage

Prairie Meal is available in bags or bulk and should be stored in cool dry conditions. Due to high protein level thorough mixing should be carried out prior to feeding.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 17.3 MJ/kg , Protein 65% , NDF 6% , Starch 16% , Sugars 1% , Oils 4%

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Maize Gluten

straights

Description

A by-product of the moist maize milling to produce starch and sugar syrups. Maize Gluten Feed comprises of maize bran andfibres, corn steep liquor, oils and proteins. Mainly imported from the USA.

Feeding

Dairy - normal levels are 2-4kg / head / day

Beef - up to 50% of the dry matter intake

Sheep - levels of up to 40% of the concentrate input

Pigs - levels of 10% of the concentrate inclusion of grower, finisher and sow diets. Care should be taken due to the high fibre content.

Maize Gluten is accepted as a relatively safe feed which can be used in a variety of situations.

Key Features

Storage

Maize Gluten Feed should be stored in cool dry conditions. Due to the amount of handling prior to arriving on farm the proportion of pellets can vary widely from load to load. Take care in feeding if black which indicates overheating in drying

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 88% , ME 13 MJ/kg , Protein 22% , NDF 42% , Starch 22% , Sugars 3.5% , Oils 3%

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Malt Residual Pellets

straights

Description

A combination of co-products of the malting industry where malting barley is first screened to remove the fine grains. The larger grains are dampened and allowed to sprout. The process is stopped and the sprouts removed and dried. These and the screenings are mixed and pelleted.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-4kg / head / day

Beef - up to 50% of the dry matter intake of beef animals

Sheep - Can be fed up to 30% of concentrate input

Pigs - Inclusion levels should be low in sow diets only due to high fibre content.

Used for many years in a wide range of feeding situations, Malt Residuals are accepted as relatively safe, and can be fed in a variety of systems.

Key Features

Storage

Malt Residuals should be stored in cool dry conditions. The pellets are generally of a good quality and are durable for handling through most auger systems.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 11.2 MJ/kg , Protein 24% , NDF 51% , Starch 15% , Sugars 1% , Oils 2.5%

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Palm Kernel Expellers

straights

Description

Palm Kernel is a by-product of the crushing and expelling of oil from the kernel of the oil palm tree.

Feeding

Dairy - levels of up to 2 and 3kg / head / day

Beef - can be fed up to 20% inclusion in the concentrate part of the diet

Sheep - is a suitable ingredient in ewe rations at low levels of up to 10% of the concentrate part of the ration.

Used in compound feed for years for adult ruminants, useful when trying to increase output of milk fat. Its poor palatability generally restricts its use within cattle and other ruminants to TMR systems.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Palm Kernel Expeller should be stored in cool dry conditions. Due to the high oil content the product should not be stored for long periods and should be used within 2 months. It is imported into most UK ports and is available throughout the year.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 89% , ME 12.5 MJ/kg , Protein 18% , NDF 68% , Starch 4% , Sugars 1% , Oils 8%

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Wheatfeed Pellets & Meal

straights

Description

A by-product of flour milling, Wheatfeed comprises wheat Bran, endosperm and other starch screenings. The increase of high bran and wholemeal breads in recent years has improved the nutritional value of Wheatfeed. Wheatfeed from a single source tends to have a consistent nutritional quality.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-5kg / head / day

Beef - Inclusion rate up to 25% of ration

Sheep - Suitable in all ewe and lamb diets. Care should be taken with intensive lambs due to the mineral content which may cause urinary calculi in males unless an allowance is made in the mineral supplementation.

While widely used for many years in pig and compound diets, Wheatfeed is now commonly used as a straight feed for ruminants.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

As with all other dried feeds , Wheatfeed should be stored in cool, dry conditions. Due to the addition of water at the pelleting stage traces of mould can appear on the outside of the pellet, so long term storage is not recommended. Mouldy material should not be fed to livestock some sources of Wheatfeed can be bulk blown.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 86% , ME 11.5 MJ/kg , Protein 17.5% , NDF 34% , Starch 24% , Sugars 8.5% , Oils 4%

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Citrus Pulp Pellets

straights

Description

The residue after the crushing of citrus fruits for their juice. It contains the fruits flesh, peel and pips which are dried and pelleted. Orange is normally the main constituent but grapefruit and lemons are also be present.

Feeding

Dairy - up to 2kg / head / day as part of a balanced diet

Beef - up to 0.5kg per 100kg of liveweight to a maximum of 2kgs

Sheep - up to 0.5 kg / head / day

There is some circumstantial evidence that the feeding of citrus pulp has on rare occasions been linked to a condition known as PPH (Pyrexia Pruritis Haemorrhagic syndrome) which can lead to fatalities due to internal bleeding. Due to this care should be taken when feeding to any class of livestock.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Citrus pulp pellets should be stored in cool dry conditions, which are vermin free. Imported into ports throughout the UK and is generally available throughout the year.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 12.5 MJ/kg , Protein 7% , NDF 35% , Starch 0.2% , Sugars 25% , Oils 2.5%

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Soya Hulls

straights

Description

The initial by-product from the crushing and oil extraction from soya beans, Hulls are the outer coating of the beans which are removed prior to milling, oil expelling and extraction. Soya Bean Hulls come in a Pellet / Meal form.

Feeding

Dairy - 1-4kg / head / day, as part of a balanced diet

Beef - include at levels of 1kg / 100kg liveweight up to a maximum of 4kgs / head / day

Sheep - Can be fed to a maximum of 0.5kg / head / day for ewes and finishing lambs.

Pigs - Can safely be used sow diets up to a maximum of 10% of the diet

Soya Bean Hulls are becoming widely used on farm as a replacer to Sugar Beet.

Key Features

Storage

As with all other dried feeds Soya Hulls should be stored in cool, dry conditions. Soya Bean Hulls generally are pelleted but they could well contain a good proportion of meal.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 12 MJ/kg , Protein 12% , NDF 67% , Starch 5% , Sugars 9% , Oils 2%

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NIS Pellets

straights

Description

NIS (Nutritionally Improved Straw) is produced in the UK from cereal straw. The straw is ground and milled before treatment with sodium hydroxide to help breakdown the fibre structure. Digestibility is enhanced, nutritional value is increased and sodium bicarbonate is created by the reaction.

Feeding

Dairy - 2 - 4kg / head / day (Early / mid lactation)

Dairy - 4 - 5 kg / head / day (Late lactation or dry)

Beef - 1 - 3 kg / head / day

Young stock - 1 - 3 kg / head / day

NIS is a good source of digestible fibre, but low in protein. Suitable as a forage extender. Complements cereals and other feeds in ruminant rations, especially when low dry matter or highly acidic silages are being fed. Balances any ration low in fibre.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

NIS pellets should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. The pellets handle well in in automated feeding systems and are easy to blow.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 87% , ME 8 MJ/kg , Protein 7% , NDF 75% , Starch 1% , Sugars 2% , Oils 2%

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Oat Feed

straights

Oat Feed

Description

Oats of UK origin are widely used for porridge and other breakfast cereals. Oat feed is a by-product of the processing of oats and consists of hulls and meal remaining from the screening and dehulling process.

Feeding

Calf - not suitable

Dairy - up to 15 %

Beef - up to 15%

Lambs/Ewe - up to 10%

Pig and poultry please contact for specific recommendations.

Key Features

Storage

Oat feed pellets should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 89% , ME 6 MJ/kg , Protein 5% , NDF 79% , Starch 2% , Sugars 7.5% , Oils 2%

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Dried Grass Pellets

straights

Description

Produced at various driers around the country, harvested several times per year and dried at high temperatures. The grass is ground and pelleted, the pellets being soft and tend to breakdown.

Feeding

Dairy - 2-5kg / head / day

Beef - 2 - 5kg / head / day

Calves - Up to 2kg / head / day

Ewes - 1 -3 kg / head / day

Lambs - Up to 1kg / head / day

The slow degradable protein source makes it very useful in ruminant diets. High beta carotene content has been shown to aid fertility in dairy cows. Due to the relatively low ME content its use in high performance dairy diets is restricted.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Dried Grass Pellets should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions. The product can be blown, but the pellets have a tendency to breakdown, and so should be only stored in a bin that can handle meal. Demand from equine diets limits its availability to other species , and so early booking is recommended.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 10.5 MJ/kg , Protein 17% , NDF 55% , Starch 1.5% , Sugars 12% , Oils 3.5%

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Biscuit Meal

straights

Description

A blend of high quality surplus food products, designed to produce a diet high in sugar and processed starches, that is also relatively low in oil.

Feeding

Dairy - feeding rates of up to 3.5 kg / head / day

Beef - can be fed up to 0.5 kg per 100kg live weight

Sheep - can be fed up to 0.25 kg / head / day

Key Features

Storage

This product should be stored in a clean and dry feed storage area. If product has to be stored outside it should be kept under cover to keep dry.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 90% , ME 14.25 MJ/kg , Protein 9% , NDF 10.5% , Starch 44.2% , Sugars 12.7% , Oils 6%

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Maize Meal

straights

Description

Whole maize is imported into the UK and used in a variety of different human food processes. Depending upon which process, various specifications of maize meal will be produced. Detailed below is an average specification

Feeding

Dairy - 3-4 kg / head / day, and should be mixed with other feeds. It needs to be gradually introduced into the ration Beef - Can be incorporated up to 40% of beef diets

Poultry - High levels can be included in a layer diet (up to 40%)

Pigs - can be fed up to 25% of the ration

Maize meal can be fed successfully in place of cereals or other energy feeds in the diet on most farm situations.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Maize meal can be fed through a variety of systems. Maize meal should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions, it should not be stored for longer than 4 to 6 weeks. Blowing into bins should be avoided due to the tendency to bridge. Although volumes are limited, material is available all year round but early contracting is recommended.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 87% , ME 14 MJ/kg , Protein 9% , NDF 21% , Starch 58% , Sugars 2% , Oils 6%

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Maize Meal (Smiths)

Description

Whole maize is imported into the UK and used in a variety of different human food processes. Depending upon which process, various specifications of maize meal will be produced. Detailed below is an average specification

Feeding

Dairy - 3-4 kg / head / day, and should be mixed with other feeds. It needs to be gradually introduced into the ration

Beef - Can be incorporated up to 40% of beef diets

Poultry - High levels can be included in a layer diet (up to 40%)

Pigs - can be fed up to 25% of the ration

Maize meal can be fed successfully in place of cereals or other energy feeds in the diet on most farm situations.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

Maize meal can be fed through a variety of systems. Maize meal should as with other dry straights be stored in cool, dry conditions, it should not be stored for longer than 4 to 6 weeks. Blowing into bins should be avoided due to the tendency to bridge. Although volumes are limited, material is available all year round but early contracting is recommended.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 87% , ME 14 MJ/kg , Protein 12% , NDF 26% , Starch 44% , Sugars 5% , Oils 11%

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Processed Bread

Description

Processed Bread is largely "yesterday's bread", removed from the food supply to be replaced by a freshly-baked product, but also includes a proportion of "today's" production which failed to satisfy QA checks at the bakery. Before it reaches the farm it will have been shredded and sieved to remove a majority of the wrappings.

Feeding

Dairy - feeding should be introduced over a period of time i.e. 10 - 14 days and included in diets at up to 6g / head / day

Beef - when feeding beef cattle, feeding rates must not exceed the total DM intake of the animal, and again like dairy cattle feed rates, should be built up over a period of time (10-14 days)

Pigs - feeding rates in pigs can be as much as 30% of DM intake.

As there is a low fibre content in the bread a balancer should also be used i.e. Wheatfeed or SugarBeet Pulp

Key Features

Storage and Availability

Processed bread should ideally be stored in dry conditions, preferably under cover, as bread will quickly absorb water. The product has a shelf life of 20-30 days and if fed in this time, then there is no need to ensile. However, if product is well consolidated and properly sheeted, then the shelf life can be extended up to several months. As bread can be quite sticky, ensure adequate tipping height to ensure load is offloaded satisfactorily.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 65% , ME 14 MJ/kg , Protein 14% , NDF 10% , Starch 73% , Sugars 6% , Oils 3%

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Molassed Sugar Beet Feed

straights

Description

Home produced and imported sugar beet feed is available. Sugar beet is a combination of sugar beet fibres, after the extraction of sugar from the beet. Molasses is then added back in and dried. The dried product is then sold as Shreds, Pellets, Nuts and Superflow. Home produced supplies are finite so early ordering will ensure supply.

Feeding

Dairy - 2 - 5kg / head / day

Beef - 2 - 5kg / head / day

Sheep - up to 1 kg / head / day for lambs and 2kg / head / day for Ewes

Pigs - up to 15% in fattening diets and 20% in sow diets

Molassed Sugar Beet Feed is extremely useful in ruminant diets for its rumen buffering effect. It can be used in virtually every on farm scenario and can also be fed to almost all farm livestock.

Key Features

Storage & Availability

As with all other dried feeds Molassed Sugar Beet Feed should be stored in cool, dry conditions. Some of the product range can be bulk blown, although care needs to be taken through centreless augers. Tipping heights of the lorries needs to be good to allow the product to flow satisfactorily from lorries.

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 89% , ME 12.5 MJ/kg , Protein 10.5% , NDF 32% , Starch 1% , Sugars 19% , Oils 1%

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Wheat

straights

Description

Cereal grain produced world wide as a major cereal component in the diet of both humans and livestock. Wheat is well recognised as an excellent source energy source for ruminants providing high levels of starch to stimulate milk production.

Feeding

Dairy cows - up to 5kg / head / day

Beef - up to 40% of compound

Sheep - up to 0.5kg / head / day

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 86% , ME 13.6 MJ/kg , Protein 10% , NDF 9.2% , Starch 75% , Sugars 2.7% , Oils 2.3%

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Wheatplus

straights

Description

Wheatplus is rolled wheat which has undergone a unique treatment process to protect and enhance its nutritive value

Feeding

Rolled wheat is well recognised as an excellent source energy source for ruminants providing high levels of starch to stimulate production. However excessive feeding of cereals can cause rumen acidosis and bloat.

Dairy cows - up to 5kg / head / day

Beef - up to 45% of compound

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 83% , ME 13.8 MJ/kg , Protein 12.5% , NDF 9.2% , Starch 67% , Sugars 4% , Oils 2.3%

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Barley

straights

Description

Cereal grain produced world wide as a major cereal component in beef and dairy diets. Barley is well recognised as an excellent source energy source for ruminants providing high levels of starch to stimulate production

Feeding

Dairy cows - up to 5kg / head / day

Beef - up to 85% of compound

Sheep - up to 0.7kg / head / day

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 83% , ME 13.8 MJ/kg , Protein 12.5% , NDF 9.2% , Starch 67% , Sugars 4% , Oils 2.3%

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Barleyplus

straights

Description

Barleyplus is rolled barley which has undergone a unique treatment process to protect and enhance its nutritive value

Feeding

Rolled barley is well recognised as an excellent source energy source for ruminants providing high levels of starch to stimulate production. However excessive feeding of cereals can cause rumen acidosis and bloat

Dairy cows - up to 5kg / head / day

Beef - up to 45% of compound

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 86% , ME 13.2 MJ/kg , Protein 12% , NDF 17% , Starch 57% , Sugars 2.5% , Oils 2.5%

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Oats

straights

Description

Cereal grain produced grown widely in cooler temperate regions primarily for the human food breakfast market but still a valuable energy source for farm livestock.

Feeding

Dairy cows - up to 5kg / head / day

Beef - up to 85% of compound

Sheep - up to 1kg / head / day

Key Features

Typical Analysis (in DM)

Dry Matter 86% , ME 12.1 MJ/kg , Protein 12.5% , NDF 31% , Starch 44% , Sugars 2% , Oils 6%

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