How To Choose and Install Gates

How To Choose and Install Gates
Smallholder

All Countrywide stores stock ranges of both wooden and metal gates in sizes from three foot to fifteen foot wide plus all the equipment needed to fit them. The majority of gates are approximately four feet tall. This guide outlines what is needed to fit both wooden and metal gates.

Choosing the right type of gate

The size of gap to be filled including the space for a hanging and slamming post, the aesthetic need, the setting and the cost are all factors to consider when selecting gates.

Metal Gates

The first task is to select the size of gate required. The hanging and slamming posts must then be selected. One hanging post and one slamming post is required for each gate. The hanging post is the post at the end of the gate where the hinges are i.e. where the gate is 'hung' on the gatepost. The slamming post is the one where the gate is fastened or 'slammed'.

Both hanging and slamming posts are approximately six foot tall and are available in diameter sizes of three inches, three and a half inches, four and a half inches and five inches wide.

Normally three and a half inch posts are used for gates up to nine foot long, four and a half inches for gates ten and twelve foot long with five and a half inch diameter posts preferable for gates which are fifteen foot long.

Gates are available with either a sliding bolt or D-loop fitting for fastening them to the slamming post. The sliding bolt version fits into a slot on the slamming post whilst the D-loop version slides into a fitted latch on the slamming post.

Metal hanging posts have pins welded to them that fit snugly into the eyebolts that are supplied with the gate and the metal slamming posts either have a slot or latch fitted depending on what type of gate has been selected.

It is recommended to lie the hanging post, the gate and the slamming post on the ground prior to fitting to establish an estimate of how deep the posts can be set and need to be set into the ground.

As a general rule the bottom of the gate should be approximately five inches off the ground when completed. The gate can be adjusted using the eyebolts provided if required.

Initially a hole should be dug for the hanging post of about ten inches diameter and to your required depth. The post should then be concreted in and left to dry for at least twenty four to forty eight hours. On return ensure the post is solid in the ground before hanging the gate. The gate should then be hung and the situation of the slamming post can then be established. Support the gate if necessary, house bricks are ideal for this task. A hole should then be dug for the slamming post and concreted as before for the hanging post. Again allow to fully dry before use.

Wooden Gates

The wooden gates supplied by Countrywide are available as either hardwood or softwood. Within the hardwood range the choices are iroko and oak woods and within the softwood range the choices are versatile to create an individual look, pressure treated for long life or fine sawn finish pressure treated for long life.

Wooden gate

All wooden gates are manufactured from specially selected timbers sourced from sustainable and managed forests. All timbers are purchased through companies that have a clear environmental purchasing policy for wood.

Sizes for wooden gates and their installation are as their metal counterparts. There is a wider choice of fittings, hinges and brackets with wooden gates in comparison to metal gates.

All gates, fittings and hinges as well as gate kits and all in one fitting packages are available at all Countrywide stores.

Gate maintenance is essential for wooden gates. Prior to installation all gates should be treated with a moisture permeable wood stain preservative. This will achieve maximum protection for your gate, allowing the moisture to permeate through the treatment at a controlled rate and providing protection against the natural elements, this treatment also helps to prevent checking in the timber. The moisture permeable preservative normally includes a stain which is designed to enhance the natural colour and character of the timber. The gate should be retreated on a regular basis.

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