The lawn is often the centrepiece of the garden and with the right care, tools and equipment they can be easily grown and maintained to provide an attractive area which can be used by the whole household for relaxing, walking or playing.
This guide will take you through the stages of lawn development from seeding to maintaining mature lawns.
The first decision to be made is to establish the use for the grass. If the lawn is purely to be ornamental or needs to be hardwearing for children playing then the choice of seed variety is vital to ensure successful growth and maintenance.
You also have the choice to use turf, ready prepared grass to provide an instant lawn. This is a costlier option and care must be taken to select the right turf as well as caring for it for some time after laying it to ensure successful establishment.
Lawn seed is available at all Countrywide stores and Countrywide have a long history as a major supplier of grass seed mixtures of the highest quality that provide excellent value for money for our customers. In general there are three types of lawn seed.
It is essential that the ground is prepared correctly for a successful lawn as well as the selection of the right seed.
Lawns need care to keep them in tiptop condition and if done regularly this maintenance does not have to take excessive time and use many products. A good feeding regime is a must to prevent pest and disease damage and also to keep its condition constant reducing the time needed for repair or intensive care.
There are steps you can take to ensure your lawn is at its best year-round. Below are a few steps for when to seed your grass and what you can do to achieve a good-looking lawn through seeding.
*Fertilisers contain nitrogen (N), phosphate (P) and potassium (K) and the correct ratio for good lawn growth is 12:2:4.
Although water is essential for grass growth once established there will be little need for regular watering a lawn even in times of drought. Even if a lawn goes brown it will often recover. Cutting however must be done regularly.
Mowing 2 – 3 times per week can be justified in spring and early summer when grass is growing quickly. A shorter lawn (ideally 1cm high) will create a more aesthetically pleasing look, one often envied. The use of the lawn must again be taken into account with those of a hardwearing nature needing to be kept longer to prevent damage.
Regular mowing of a lawn will promote even growth and produce a mature lawn with increased growth from the base of the grass plants as well as making the whole garden more attractive. This mimics the natural process of grazing by animals which of course has happened for centuries in open grassy areas.
The choice of mower is paramount and careful consideration should be made to select the best solution for your lawn. The maintenance of the machine is also encouraged particularly the blades an annual service is recommended something Countrywide can provide at its Ledbury Small Machinery Workshop.
A new lawn should be mowed when it reaches a height of 5cm. Care must be taken not to rip out the new seedlings so a rotary mower is recommended. A cylinder mower should not be used. The height of the grass should be reduced to 2.5cm.
Lawns should not be mowed when wet, covered in frost or snow. This can encourage compaction and hence damage the lawn. Lawns should be continued to be cut during the winter months if the grass is still growing although care should be taken again to avoid wet times.
The direction of mowing should also be alternated. By continual mowing in one direction an uneven lawn will develop and uneven growth seen.
It is not always necessary to remove all grass clippings when mowing and by leaving the clippings on the lawn on 1 in 4 occasions will improve the lawn condition overall.
General wear and tear, weather and soil type may all affect the overall quality of your lawn and variations may result in patchy areas in need of repair.
Attention should be paid to areas with poor drainage, worn lawn edges, uneven surfaces, thinning and bare areas. Maintenance may also be needed for pale grass, weeds, moss and fungal problems and fairy rings as well as insect pests and worms.
Visit our Lawncare & Planting category for everything you need to keep your lawn looking fresh, green and healthy.